Occupational health is a moderately new branch of medicine that deals with the prevention of work-related diseases, safe working practices, ergonomics, promotion and preservation of physical, emotional and social wellbeing of workers in all occupations.
Usually, health professionals work as occupational health workers. The aim of the occupational health professional is to figure out the impact of the work on the employee and assess the eligibility of the employee to that particular job. They also carry the responsibility of assessing and preventing work-related risk factors and diseases.
Occupational health problems may affect the employee due to a variety of reasons. Common occupational health hazards include any injury such as cuts, fractures or sprains, strains, amputations, repetitive motion disorders, hearing problems due to excess noise exposure, blindness or any vision problems, illness due to inhalation, touching or ingesting noxious substances, exposure to radiation and any exposure to microorganisms in healthcare settings.
Occupational health services is responsible for establishing and maintaining a secure, healthy, hazard free work environment to facilitate optimal physical and mental health of the employees in relation to the work and adaptation of the work practice. The services of occupational health include: